The Australian Imperial Force (AIF) was a expeditionary force created on 15 August 1914 for service overseas in the Great War. The name was chosen by its first commander Brigadier General William T Bridges, who was killed at Gallipoli in May 1915. Today it is generally known as the First AIF, as a Second AIF was created for service in the Second World War. This was Australia’s contribution to the various armed forces provided by the member nations of the British Empire. The AIF was at the disposal of the British Government for the term of the war but operated as a separate force to that of the British Army. It should be noted that there was no conscription in Australia, all servicemen were volunteers. Some of those named have further information about the person that can be accessed by clicking on the name.
John George Bright - Private 53rd Battalion, 5th Division, Australian Imperial Force. Volunteer. Enlisted 7/9/1915 at Warwick Farm NSW Australia aged 20 years 2 months. Occupation Coxswain & Driver. Previously member of 17th Infantry Militia, Neutral Bay NSW. Served in France (Fromelles, Bullecourt, Polygon Woods). Wounded 26/12/1917 at Polygon Woods (GSW head). Discharged 22/10/1918. Awarded the British War Medal & the Victory Medal.
Herbert Alfred Reffell- Private 224 11th Battalion, 'B' Levy, Australian Imperial Force. Enlisted 9/9/1914 Blackboy Hill, Western Australia. Mother; Sarah Reffell, 155 London Road, Lowestoft, Suffolk. Previously served for 3 years with the Berkshire Yeomanry. Age: 28 years 8 months. Wounded: 30/6/1915 (GSW left foot) Gallipoli. Discharged 15/8/1916. Awarded the 1914/15 Star, the Victory Medal & the British War Medal.
Information has been provided by the courtesy of John Bright in Australia. Other information is from service records in the Australian National Archives.