16th Battalion, Royal Scots (Lothian Regiment) Formerly Royal Field Artillery
Killed in action on Tuesday, 16th April 1918, aged 20
Born 4Q/1897 Battersea. Son of the late James Kirk Rattle and Helen Augusta Rogers of 172 Stewart Road, Battersea. Enlisted London 1914.
It is not known at present why James Henry was in a Scottish regiment, although his mother was born in Scotland. He was the nephew of Harry Rattle who also died in Flanders on 10 November 1917 and is commemorated on the Menin Gate Memorial.
The Edinburgh Service Battalions
Three service Battalions were raised in Edinburgh; 15th September 1914, 16th December 1914, and 17th February 1915. The 15th and 16th were assigned to the 34th Division and the 17th to the 35th Infantry Division, and moved to France in early 1916. They first saw action on the first day of the Somme and all three spent the remainder of the war on the Western Front. The 15th and 16th were reduced to cadres in May 1918 and disbanded in August; the 17th was based in Belgium after the armistice and provided internal security in early 1919, before being reduced to a cadre in April and disbanded shortly afterwards.
16th (Service) Battalion (2nd Edinburgh)
December 1914: Formed at Edinburgh in by Lieutenant-Colonel G McCrae MP
June 1915: moved to Ripon and attached to 101st Brigade 34th Division
September 1915: moved to Sutton Veny
8 January 1916: Landed at Le Havre
16 May 1918: reduced to cadre strength after suffering heavy casualties
17 May 1918: attached to 39th Division
14 August 1918: disbanded in France
Panel 1 Ploegsteert Memorial, Comines-Warneton, Hainaut, Belgium.